Good People With Firearms #9: Armed citizen zip ties fleeing suspect

2DEC2019 Fort Lauderdale, FL Another reason the founding fathers wrote the Second Amendment.  Armed citizen catches fleeing suspect, zip ties him, police arrive.

“We had customers and employees out, that’s when I decided to pull my firearm and stop him,” Sandi said. “I wasn’t really thinking. Training and instinct kicked in. I just did what had to be done.”

Good Samaritan with gun stops car thief running from police

 

Unconditional freedom, no compromises, no negotiations. -13

Austere Medical: Pressure Canner Autoclave

Note: this post contains affiliate links, proceeds support this website.

This blog post is not in any way to be considered as instructions or advise.  It is so others can see how I do it.  Individuals performing any of the following do so at their own risk and assume all responsibility and liability for their actions.

eye of the storm image from outer space

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com

In South Florida we have the potential to be without electrical power for long periods of time after a hurricane.  One hurricane left us without power for 3 weeks.  That potential left us asking, how would we sterilize medical instruments without a commercial autoclave in austere conditions?

With that in mind I set out to see if I could purchase or construct an autoclave that did not require electrical power to operate for under $200.00 dollars.  At first I found electric autoclaves that were priced $700.00 dollars and up.  Those were out of our budget and electric which wouldn’t be very useful for the situations we envision using an autoclave in.  There were non-electric stove top units for $300.00 up to over $600.00 dollars.

The $300.00 dollar unit was only 9.5 quarts much too small for large instruments or packs.  300 seemed like too much for such a small unit.  I was somewhat disappointed that there seemed to be few options but the commercially made out of budget autoclaves.

Not satisfied with that I started searching for possible ways to construct a homemade autoclave out of readily available materials.  That search led me to this PDF document titled “Use of pressure cookers for sterilization of clinical instruments” found here Link to original location for experiment inspiration.  The paper refers to a study conducted by the Dental School of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio in 1997 which evaluated pressure cookers for their autoclave capabilities.

After reading that paper I decided to try to find the 22 quart pressure cooker/canner mentioned in the paper.  I was able to locate a Presto 22 quart model 0178003 on ebay for $59.99.  It was in excellent condition.  All of the gaskets were changed including the over pressure plug for safety.  It also seemed to be good idea since gaskets were mentioned in the document as a potential problem point.

GAUGE

All-American gauge left, Presto gauge right, brass pipe fittings.

Also added was an All-American autoclave pressure gauge.  Since there isn’t anyone local to test our pressure canner it seemed like a good idea to add a pressure gauge that was made to be used with an autoclave.  I also wanted to keep the original gauge and see how they compared during testing.  To do this 1/8″ brass pipe fittings were added so that both gauges could be monitored during a sterilization cycle.

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3″ stainless steel screws for legs.

After installing the gauges, gaskets and seals I installed 5 stainless screws on the cooking rack that separates canning jars from the bottom of the canner.  I left the rest of the rack untouched.  During testing all of the packs came out wet.  The rack had a few large holes leaving a lot of surface space for water to accumulate.  To give more drainage the entire surface of the rack was perforated by drilling as many holes as I could without compromising the integrity of the rack.

After several tries the packs were still wet where the water wouldn’t drain off.  I thought it might be there was still too much surface and surface tension to release the standing water.  Also during those test I realized I needed something to prop the pouches and packs against so there would be room for the steam to pass and give the ability to add more instruments.

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Stainless grill grate.

Another thing considered was that maybe the aluminum was cooling before the water had a chance to evaporate.  I started searching online for a stainless steel cooling rack or grill grate.  I found a 10 1/2″ stainless round grill grate on ebay.  Also needed was something to separate the packs and pouches.  I ordered a length of stainless steel wire online, wrapped it around something which I can’t remember to coil the wire to the shape I wanted.  That piece of wire would push into the grill grate in several ways to accommodate the various pack/pouches.

RACK:WIRE

Grill grate with wire coil.

Also during that phase of testing I noticed that once the cooking/drain rack was loaded with packs there was no way to remove them without touching them before they had a chance to cool down.  I had a short piece of aluminum flat stock laying around so that was bent into a handle shape then attached to the cooking rack.

HANDLE

Cooking rack with attached handle.

The information in the document mentioned the success difference between the 15 psi and 20 psi pressures.  It seemed to me that the preferred pressure would be 20 psi since the document on page 6 stated “No positive cultures were evident in any ampules processed at the increased saturated steam pressure for 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes in all vessels.”

RACK IN AUTOCLAVE

Cooking rack, grill grate and wire coil

3 piece

3 piece pressure regulator

A 3 piece pressure regulator was purchased to use for parts to add to the regulator that came with the pressure canner.  To achieve the 120 grams as the document mentioned one of the weights from the 3 piece regulator was added with 2 washers.  The pick up knob was modified to accommodate the washers so that they would stay centered on the regulator.

After multiple test to assure dry packs and a consistent pressure of 21 psi it was time to see if the modified canner could function as a successful autoclave.  Mail in spore test containing Geobacillus stearothermophilus from Mesa Labs were ordered to determine if packs had reached sterilizing conditions.

Instruments were packed in commercial pouches, muslin and CSR wraps to determine if they would interfere with the process.  Packs were packaged tightly to make it as difficult as possible for steam to penetrate the pack to the place where the test were located.  I was trying to get the process to fail.  It never did.

SPORE TEST

Spore test results

Test results for the thickest pack passed 2 times.  The other packs and pouches passed as well.  That’s still no guarantee that the packs are sterile.  Anyone who processes packs knows that the only place we have any certainty of sterilization was where the test strip was located everything else is assumed to be sterile.  I feel confident that sterilization conditions were sufficient throughout the canner so much so I’ve added it to our aid station equipment.

Since there were no specific instructions mentioned in the document I used the instructions for the All American autoclaves.  After multiple test conducted I noticed that instead of the 15 cups recommended in the document I was able to use as little as 11 cups but added 12 cups to ensure the cycle wouldn’t dry out.

The steps I followed, also our standard operating procedures(SOP), are the following:

  • After the canner is loaded with the 12 cups distilled water and the packs the heat source is set to high to bring the water to a rolling boil.
  • Once boiling and there is a steady stream of steam venting from the vent pipe a timer is set for 7 minutes
  • After the 7 minutes the pressure regulator was placed on the vent pipe.  The pressure is allowed to reach the desired 21 psi.
  • When the pressure reaches 21 psi the pressure regulator is removed to allow pressure and steam to escape for 4 minutes in an attempt to evacuate all ambient air which may not sterilize if trapped in the canner.
  • After the 4 minute venting cycle is complete the pressure regulator is placed back onto the vent pipe.
  • When the pressure on both regulators reaches 21 psi the heat source is turned down to maintain pressure throughout the sterilization cycle.
  • After the heat source is turned down a timer is set for 5 minutes.  During this time the pressure is monitored to ensure it does not go over 21 psi.
  • Once the pressure is assured a timer is set for 35 minutes to ensure that all parts of thick packs are sterilized.
  • After the sterilization cycle the packs are removed and the canner is emptied of water.
  • The packs a placed back into the canner on the heat source set to low to start a dry cycle of 35 minutes.
  • Once the 35 minutes have passed the packs are removed and allowed to dry for 6-8 hours.
  • After the packs cool and vent any residual moisture they are placed into plastic pouches and vacuum sealed to preserve the sterility.

SOP’s also include when using a new heat source running at least 3 test to ensure consistent pressure throughout the cycle.  We use indicator tape as well as test strips to indicate a cycle is successful.  Project cost for the canner, replacement parts and parts for autoclave use was $170.13.

Dangers are explosion if safety features are modified and severe steam burns if a heat protective glove is not used when placing or removing the pressure regulator weight.  This type of autoclave must never be left unattended and the pressure must be constantly monitored for consistency and safety.

We have a working autoclave for austere conditions!  Now we can sterilize instruments wherever we have a consistent heat source whether it’s in our back yard after a hurricane or in a remote location far away from help.  -13

Link to additional information about pressure cooker autoclaves

Check out this 20 minute video about our pressure canner autoclave.

 

 

 

 

Good People With Firearms #8: Robber points AK in guys face, gets shot.

26NOV2019 “and I am not going to go out like a punk. So I emptied my Glock in his chest. This man tried to get in my van while I was sleeping and he was surprised to see what I did.”

60 year old NRA member and concealed carrier kills man who stuck an AK-47 in his face.  Got to love living in South Florida.

Miami Man In Van Guns Down AK-47 Wielding Robber Because He Didn’t Want ‘To Go Out Like A Punk’

 

Unconditional freedom, no compromises, no negotiations. -13

Worm bin notes: Update 25 Worms love avocados!

Bins 2 & 3, Update 25.  When opening both bins I noticed the moisture was higher under the cardboard covering.  The spiders seem to have been wiped out by the lizard visits.  I didn’t see any in either bin.  The small white dot insects are still in both bins in abundance seems like the moisture helped.  I’d would like to try to capture a few one day and look at them under the microscope.  They’re so small they look like tiny moving white dots in the bins.

 

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Bin 2 Oct. 29th

B2 NOV 16

Bin 2 Nov. 16th

The other unidentified insects are also there but no as many as before.  The heat may have been too much for them.  Bin temperatures were 72.1° F. – 72.5­­° F.  The ambient temperature was 72° F with 56% humidity.  I watered both bins to get the moisture up at the surface.  The hand sprayer sprung a leak because I left it under pressure and in the sun.  Looks like its time for a new one.  I used the 1 gallon garden sprayer as a substitute and may keep using that instead of the hand sprayer.  I’ll use it next time and see how it goes.

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Bin 3 Oct. 29th

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Bin 3 Nov. 16th

One thing is for sure the worms really like the avocados.  As long as they are not rotted or dried out they devour them.  I still think their favorite is the mangoes and fresh greens.  It seemed like the cardboard cover is thinning out I’ll add more next time I check the bins.  -13

Latest video below.

 

Benedict Arnold Report 11 Town of Palm Beach Police Chief Nicholas P. Caristo

BARCOVER

 

South Florida Police Chief Stands by Push for More Restrictions on Gun Open Carry Laws

The report states, “Castro confronted group members during the meeting, saying the demonstrations cause fear when they are so close to schools and churches.

“When you come to the Town of Palm Beach you walk by a public school with your AR-15 out and you have a fishing pole over your shoulder, there’s kids playing in the playground,” Castro”  What a stupid thing to say it makes no sense.

In my opinion New York city thugs like Town of Palm Beach Police Chief Nicholas P. Caristo are the ones making people unnaturally frightened of inanimate objects with his fear mongering and propaganda.

P.D. phone number is 561-838-5454, the fax number is 561-835-4736 if you want to let them know what you think about them.  Don’t you love living in America?  1st Amendment!

If you have evidence you would like to share reach me via my contact page I’ll get back with you ASAP.  -13

Good People With Firearms #7: Constitutional Carry, Stillwater Police Dept PSA

The Second Amendment already guarantees the right to be armed whenever, wherever.  However unfortunate in these days of anti civil rights gun control zombies a public service announcement is a necessity.  All American citizens, police departments and serving officers need to understand and abide by what is presented by the Stillwater Police Department.  To those with an irrational fear of firearms or the desire to take away another human beings self defense capabilities, start here you need it.

What you need to know about the new Constitutional Carry Law

Unconditional freedom, no compromises, no negotiations. -13

Worm bin notes: Update 24, All is well!

Bins 2 & 3, Update 24.  All is well in the bins.  Ambient temperature of 86°F, 70% humidity, bin temperature 82.5°F.  The bin temp is a little higher than I’d like but there is no where else to keep them.  No foul odors.  Nothing out of the ordinary.  There were few or no spiders.  That makes me think there has been a lizard or two dropping by for a few snacks.

I’ve noticed but keep forgetting to mention, the other two insects usually seen in abundance in the bins are hardly visible.  I think the continuous air flow and drying of the surface has had an effect on them.  Next time I check the bins I’ll add more moisture and possibly add more cardboard in an effort to keep the moisture level higher.  Maybe the other insects will flourish again.

Since there isn’t much potato on the potato skins I’ve started adding them back into the bins to simulate leaf litter.  I’m also hoping the addition of moisture will keep them from drying out creating a more natural type environment for the worms.  I’d like to see more activity at the surface again.  Stopped using the fan since there has been small patches of moisture and discoloration on the floor next to it.  It’s “winter” here in Florida so the ambient temps should be more mild.  We’ll see! -13

Good People With Firearms #6: 24 Hours in South Florida

None of these incidents involve the use of a firearm for self defense.  They simply demonstrate what it’s like to live or visit here and why many of us choose to carry a firearm for self defense.

24 Hours in South Florida.  Why do over 2 million citizens of Florida have a concealed weapons permit?

SW Dade Man Carjacked At Gun Point By Two Masked Subjects

Cutler Bay Man Ambushed, Killed In Home Invasion

Elderly Man Robbed, Injured After Being Dragged On Suspect’s Vehicle At Bank Parking Lot

Unconditional freedom, no compromises, no negotiations. -13

Good People With Firearms #5 Pregnant mother defends home with AR-15, one dead

Family’s mother, 8 months pregnant uses AR-15 to drive out home invaders.  “…He made it from my back door to roughly 200 feet out in the front ditch before the AR did its thing.”

Florida Woman Uses AR-15 To Defend Family During Home Invasion

Victim of Violent Home Invasion Speaks; Credits Wife With Saving His Life With AR-15

Pregnant mom uses AR-15 to kill burglar, defend family during home invasion

Pregnant woman shoots and kills intruder with AR-15 during home invasion in Florida

A Florida man says his pregnant wife saved his life in home invasion – with an AR-15

Unconditional freedom, no compromises, no negotiations. -13

Good People With Firearms #4 Armed roommate stops home invasion

Armed roommate shoots one of two home invaders.  Why we won’t negotiate or compromise the U.S. Second Amendment.  Anyone suggesting it or advocating for it belongs in Guantanamo prison.

“She was collected enough to keep us all from getting hurt,” the woman’s roommate said. “You know that’s really what I’m thankful for, is that not everybody is ready to jump under stress.”

Florida, Pinellas County  Woman shoots intruder during early morning home invasion

Unconditional freedom, no compromises, no negotiations. -13

The Florida Range Experience: Okeechobee Shooting Sports

The Florida Range Experience is a new project here on my blog.  I’m going to share my experience with the various shooting ranges I go to here in the state of Florida.  Most of the experiences will be here in the Broward and Miami-Dade county areas.  Some will be in the surrounding counties.

The need to sight in a couple of rifles led me to search for a range.  I wanted a range that I could set up my shooting rest and tools without interference.  There is an outdoor rifle range run by the county but the online reviews left me thinking I should go somewhere else.  More on that range in another blog.  During the online search I found Okeechobee Shooting Sports.

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The range is two hours drive from home.  After seeing the range’s website the distance didn’t matter, I wanted to go there to check it out.  They have various ranges to suit anyone’s needs.  The “Unlimited Rifle” range where a shooter can shoot in the “seated, prone, kneeling, standing” positions.  The “Gallery” where pistol shooters can practice drawing from a holster and rifle shooters can rapid or automatic fire if they want.  There are “Private” ranges that can be used in various ways.  Cost for each range varies.

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Shooters Cafe with shaded seating area

Then there is the “Pistol & Rifle” range.  The pistol range has a usable distance from 5 – 50 yards.  The rifle range has four marked distances, 25, 50, 100 and 200 yards.  It cost $15.00 for the day.  They also have an onsite gunsmith, a cafe, firearm rentals, memberships, and training.  Range hours of operation for non-members is Thursday – Sunday, 10am – 5pm.

 

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Pro Shop, Gunsmith and eating area(right)

Here’s my experience.  After viewing the website I filled out and signed the required waiver online.  That makes checking a quick process.  Don’t forget to watch the safety video before you go.  When I arrived I went to the Pro Shop, told the clerk my name and within a minute and a half I was paid up and ready for the range.  Checking in was super easy.

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The 24 lane rifle range was well run.  George the RSO(Range Safety Officer) was the kind of range safety we all want watching over us.  He’s not the overbearing mother hen type he’s an easy to get along with, very nice guy.  He will make sure you know how the range is operated and hold you to it without all the fanfare.  Hope he’s there the next time I go.

There are 15 minute shooting time blocks controlled by an automated system that announces when to stop firing and prepare for target changes.  The RSO will insure all procedures are followed before allowing anyone down range.  Once the target changes are made shooters are given the all clear and allowed to proceed with shooting.  The procedures are more detailed that was the short version.

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Rifle lane

Each lane is equipped with a shooting rest, and two seats.  The early bird gets to use the spotting scopes on a table in front of the RSO station.  The target system is a pleasure to use.  Targets are stapled onto a system where cardboard is attached to wood supports that are attached to a metal base.  Staplers are provided.  Target removal or set up is very easy.  There are also concrete markers for each lane to help the shooter line it up with the shooting position.

There were maybe about ten other shooters on the rifle range.  They seemed equally divided by task.  Some were sighting or checking zero on hunting rifles, others were doing the same thing with AR15’s or similar.  Something to note about the lanes.  The divider between lanes is hardware fabric.  It will keep others brass out of your shirt but will not protect you from muzzle break discharge.

Visible in the rifle lane photo on the right is the muzzle break that gave me a strong blast every time the shooter next to me fired.  I’m not complaining, just making note so you’re not surprised.  I enjoyed the blast it helped me focus more on the task at hand and was a welcome test of my ability to ignore things that don’t matter.

Things that matter to me is staff attitude, how the range it operated and cleanliness.  All the staff were friendly.  The range was operated well, range participants know what to expect and what is expected of them.  The range was clean and well maintained.  My first experience at Okeechobee Shooting Sports was good.  I plan on going back to shoot on the other ranges in the future.  If you get a chance to go check them out I think you’ll have a good time there.  -13

The Florida Range Experience: A new project for my blog

The Florida Range Experience is a new project here on my blog.  I’m going to share my experience with the various shooting ranges I go to here in the state of Florida.  Most of the experiences will be here in the Broward and Miami-Dade county areas.  Some will be in the surrounding counties.

I’m not going to use a rating system there are too many variables.  I will make my opinion clear by stating whether I’ll go back for more or never return again.  All the reasons that form those opinions will be written here in this blog.

I’ll be basing my opinion on my overall experience and the other things that matter too me.  Such as how are the range staff?  Are they aloof, bullies, mother hens, know it all’s?  Or are they courteous, knowledgeable, helpful, easy to get along with?

How well the range is operated.  Does the range have standard operating procedures or is it a free-for-all?  Is there brass everywhere creating a trip hazard or are shooters and staff expected to keep the range lanes clean?  Condition of the restrooms.

Those are a few of the things I’ll be looking at when visiting the range.  I’m hoping that others like me want to know what a range is like before deciding to go there.  I want the information in the blog to be useful.  -13